"I will put enmity between you and the woman,
and you shall bruise his heel."
Adam and Eve, having sinned due to the enticement and temptation of the serpent, are about to receive their punishments. But first, the Lord details the punishment of the serpent, through which Satan used to work out his evil treachery against the Lord and against humanity. After telling the serpent that his seed will crawl on their bellies and eat dirt for the rest of their time on earth, the Lord then offers up a glimmer of hope for mankind, as well as a symbol of doom for Satan.
God said that there would always be a struggle between man and Satan. Satan will continually tempt mankind, causing humans to fall into sin and utter destruction, making them enemies of God. Humans needed a savior.
But then, God told the serpent, a human offspring of the woman would be born to destroy the death grip that Satan has on humanity. While Satan would bruise the heel of this savior, inflicting a devastating and mortal wound, humanity’s savior would rise up to crush the head of Satan, bringing reconciliation between God and man. The Creator God pledged to crush the head of the serpent under the feet of the seed of the woman. This Messiah would be the solution to man’s fallen, sinful condition.
While this prophecy may have been confusing initially, in hindsight, we understand this prophecy to refer to the coming of Christ. Christ, a human being born of a virgin, lived a sinless life in humble submission to His Father’s will in order to save the human race from the devastating effects of sin. While Christ suffered and died, he fulfilled this first Messianic prophecy by rising from death, proving His authority as Savior and Son of God.